The only way to calm a male dog when he is in close proximity to an unaltered female in heat is to separate the animals so they cannot hear, see or smell one another. Many pet owners send the female to a veterinary hospital or boarding facility for the duration of her heat cycle.Continue Reading
When a male dog senses a female dog in heat, he might cry, bark, scratch or attempt to reach her in some way. This makes life difficult for the animals' owners, so it is best to separate them.
Pen the dogs in separate areas of the house
This strategy sometimes works in large houses. Close the male in one room of the house, then put the female on the opposite side of the house. Another option is to keep the female inside while the male lives outside. Never leave the female outside, as she may try to escape in her attempt to find a mate.
Mask the odor
It is sometimes possible to calm male dogs by eliminating the scent the female emanates during heat. Veterinarians often recommend a menthol spray for the tip of the female's tail.
Board the female
The distance created by penning dogs on opposite sides of a house is often not sufficient to calm the male dog. If this is the case, call a local veterinarian or boarding facility to inquire about boarding the female until her heat cycle ends. Many facilities offer this specific service for owners of unaltered pets.
The frequency and length of time a dog goes into heat varies by breed, but is approximately twice a year for about 18 days. Although the heat lasts this long, the female dog is typically only open to mating for about nine of these days.Full Answer >
A female dog is called a bitch - even as a puppy. This term distinguishes female dogs from male dogs, the latter of which are called dogs, studs or sires. When a female dog is pregnant with a litter of puppies she is called a dam.Full Answer >
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals states that a female dog is ready to breed during the estrus, or heat stage, which generally occurs between six and twenty-four months of age. Smaller breeds tend to experience their first heats sooner than larger breeds.Full Answer >
Although female dogs start going into heat at the age of 6 months, they should not be bred until their second season, which is usually six months later. Males reach sexual maturity sometime between the ages of 12 to 15 months and can breed anytime. However, small breeds usually reach maturity earlier than large breeds.Full Answer >