Most animals obtain food from hunting or foraging. Rarely, some, like the ant, also produce food through farming. Some species of ants raise aphids to eat the honeydew the smaller insects produce.Continue Reading
Nearly all animals are heterotrophs, meaning that they eat other organisms to survive. Carnivores are animals that only eat other animals for food. For instance, a lioness is a carnivore and gets food through hunting prey animals. Herbivores are animals that eat plants as food. A cow is an herbivore that eats only grasses, hay, oats and other plants for nutrients. The omnivore is an animal that eats both animals and plants for food. Among omnivores are bears, pigs, squirrels and humans.
Animals evolve to make the most of the food sources that are available in their natural environment. In fact, natural selection can cause a species to change in shape, size, intellect and habit to make it better able to hunt or forage for food in that environment. Humans have adapted to successfully obtain food from a wide range of environments, and humans have developed farming and animal husbandry to grow food as needed. Other animals are specially adapted to eat only one type of food. One example is the Giant Panda, which only eats bamboo.Learn more about Large Cats
Tigers are carnivorous animals that eat a wide range of animals depending on the habitat of the tigers and the availability of food. Often this means that tigers feed on deer and buffalo or even snakes.Full Answer >
The Asiatic lion is endangered largely because of hunting by humans after firearms became widespread. While the subspecies once ranged through Europe, the Middle East and India, it now only occupies a relatively small area of dry deciduous forest in Western India. Its numbers are slowly recovering, having risen from merely 100 animals to about 200 today, according to Bristol Zoo Gardens.Full Answer >
Pumas are endangered due to a combination of government-sanctioned bounty programs and hunting. Only the Florida panther is still in grave danger with only 100 of the subspecies in existence. The main threat to the Florida panther is the highway and being hit by cars.Full Answer >
The Bengal tiger is one of the dominant predators in its ecosystem and is prey to very few animals; its main threat is the human being, as tigers often are victims of poaching or illegal hunting. They are also killed during interactions with humans in village settings, such as when farmers want to protect their land.Full Answer >