Lions have symbiotic relationships with large, hoofed animals, such as zebras, giraffes and hyenas. The type of symbiotic relationship lions have with these animals is known as predation. Predation is a symbiotic relationship in which two unlike species serve as predator and prey to one another.
Symbiotic relationships exist between organisms that are not within the same species. Several types of these relationships exist, which include predation, mutualism, commensalism and paratism. Mutualism is a symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit. Commensalism results in benefits for one organism and no effect on the other organism. Parasitism is costly for one organism, but it benefits the other.