Animals that eat squirrels include raptors like eagles and hawks, snakes, wild and domestic cats, dogs, bears, coyotes, wolves, foxes, weasels, wolverines, raccoons, corvids, great herons and owls. Primates like chimpanzees and humans also eat squirrels, and they've even been known to be taken by fish like bigmouth bass. There are different types of squirrels, which include ground, tree and flying squirrels. The main predators of flying squirrels are snakes and mammals that climb trees.
Most squirrels stay alert or hide to avoid predators and have coats that provide them with good camouflage. If they're cornered, they defend themselves by scratching and biting. They also give alarm calls to warn others of predators in the area. Prairie dogs have also been known to mob snakes that invade their territories.
There are more than 200 species of squirrels. Squirrels are rodents that are omnivores, and they eat typically nuts, seeds fruits and insects. These mammals can live in different areas of the world. However, they are not native to Australia.
Squirrels can range in size from the pygmy squirrel that is native to Africa to the giant squirrel found in India. The giant squirrel is about 3 feet in length.