Seahorse adaptations include elongated snouts and prehensile tails. The males have a brood pouch on the front side of their bodies. Seahorses mate for life, unlike other fish.Continue Reading
Seahorses use their tails to hook onto coral and sea grasses. They then use their elongated snouts to suck up plankton and small crustaceans. Seahorses have no teeth and no stomach. The food passes through their systems so quickly that they must graze constantly to stay alive. They can consume nearly 3000 brine shrimp in a day.
The seahorse is the only animal species on earth in which the male carries the unborn young. The female deposits her eggs into the male's brood pouch. The male fertilizes the young and carries them in the pouch until they hatch, at which point they are released into the water.
Seahorses move with the help of a small fin that flutters about 35 times per second. Smaller pectoral fins, on the back of the head, are used for steering. Seahorses swim upright and are relatives of the pipe fish. They range from 0.6 inch to 14 inches long. They have well-defined necks and no scales. Seahorse populations are dwindling due to pollution and coastal habitat depletion. They are also harvested and used in Asian traditional medicine.Learn more about Fish
Among the unique adaptations of salmon are an ability to move between fresh and salt water, the preference to migrate while water is turbid to avoid predators, and the development of unique, local populations, with variations apparently favoring genetic diversity. Despite appearances, salmon are among the most highly evolved fish.Full Answer >
One defensive adaptation pufferfish have developed is the ability to ingest large quantities of air or water into their elastic stomachs until they expand themselves into almost spherical shapes. Since puffers also have sharp spines, they are almost inedible when inflated. If predators manage to swallow them, most puffers have the further adaptation of one of the most lethal neurotoxins in the world.Full Answer >
Seahorses live in various oceans around the world. Seahorses live very close to the ocean floor and attach to coral and other objects under the water.Full Answer >
As tropical waters are their native habitat, seahorses require stable tank temperatures ranging from 75 degrees Fahrenheit to 86 degrees Fahrenheit to maintain good health. They love to wrap their tails around structures and need a thin rope, vegetation, branches or coral for attachment. Wild seahorses prefer to feed on live shrimp and fish and often die of starvation in captivity if live food is not provided.Full Answer >