Some of the mountain lion's adaptations include keen vision and sensitive hearing. It also has powerful jaws, enabling it to strangle or crush the neck of its prey with a single bite.
One of the most important adaptations of the mountain lion is its vision. It has unusually large eyes that contain many rods, which are cells that are sensitive to light. These light-sensitive cells enable the mountain lion to see and hunt at night. Along with great vision, the mountain lion also evolved a keen sense of hearing, allowing it to recognize sound frequencies inaudible to other animals. This is especially helpful when hunting at night or with low levels of light. When the mountain lion finds prey, it pounces and bites the neck to disable the animal. If the prey is small, the mountain lion breaks the neck between its powerful jaws. If the prey is bigger, such as a deer, the predator bites through the windpipe, leaving the animal to die from blood or oxygen loss.
Other important adaptations are the mountain lion's stocky build, large paws and long tail. Taken together, these traits give the cat the ability to climb trees when fleeing from danger. Its tail is an important part of its ability to balance on tiny ledges or limbs.