The strongest laxatives are stimulant laxatives, according to the Mayo Clinic. These laxatives stimulate the intestinal muscles to contract thus eliminating whatever is in the intestines. Examples of stimulant laxatives include Dulcolax and Senokot. Such laxatives can be bought over the counter and do not require a prescription.Continue Reading
Because these laxatives are so strong, limiting their use is advisable, explains the Mayo Clinic. The stronger medicine has harsher effects on the body. Overuse of laxatives can impede healthy intestinal function. The intestines may not absorb vitamin D or calcium, resulting in weaker bones, according to WebMD. Another harmful effect is that the intestines may become reliant on laxatives to function.
Milder laxatives can be used more frequently. These are often fiber supplements, such as Metamucil or Citrucil, which are bulking agents that allow more water absorption in the intestines. The water absorption enables what is inside the intestines to bulk together, and the greater size moves the material out of the intestines.
Side effects can occur even with the mildest fiber supplement. Before taking a laxative, the Mayo Clinic suggests adding more dietary fiber, exercising and drinking lots of liquids. To add dietary fiber, meals can include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and nuts, explains WebMD.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
Suppositories for constipation are made of glycerin, a laxative which works by drawing water into the intestine, generally producing a bowel movement within an hour of administration, according to WebMD. Using suppositories or any type of laxative too frequently can cause a loss of bowel function.Full Answer >
Benefits of milk of magnesia include relief of constipation as an osmotic laxative. The medication also brings temporary relief of upset stomach, heartburn and indigestion, working as an antacid to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach, according to WebMD. It is available as a liquid medication and in chewable tablets.Full Answer >
A mineral oil enema works as a lubricating laxative and provides relief from constipation, according to Drugs.com. It can also be used following other treatments, such as a barium enema, in order to cleanse the bowel from any remaining residue.Full Answer >
Senna is a stimulant laxative that retains water in the intestines, and docusate sodium is a stool softener that increases water in the stool, explains WebMD. The two products are taken orally to treat constipation. Side effects of senna and docusate sodium include nausea, abdominal pain and weakness.Full Answer >