Breathing the fumes of antifreeze can cause, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "eye and respiratory tract irritation but is unlikely to cause systemic toxicity." The harmful chemical within antifreeze that causes these side effects is called ethylene glycol.Continue Reading
The active chemical in antifreeze, ethylene glycol, poses additional hazards in addition to harmful fumes. The CDC notes that beyond breathing the fumes, exposure to the eye is also a significant risk. Such exposure would result in localized discomfort, but would not pose a risk of systemic toxicity. Ethylene glycol is poorly absorbed through the skin, which means it would be difficult for the chemical to cause systemic toxicity.
Ethylene glycol reacts with oxidants and acids, particularly strong oxidants and acids. It is also a highly flammable chemical. Because ethylene glycol vapors are heavier than air, they can collect in poorly-ventilated areas, particularly those that are below ground level. When using ethylene glycol, one must be cautious to do so in a well ventilated area as to not let the fumes collect. In the case of skin exposure, ethylene glycol will generally only cause mild irritation. The fumes of the chemical are far more harmful than physical contact with the substance. In the case of skin exposure, soap and water should be used to prevent irritation.Learn more about Health
Side effects of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, also called PCV13, in children include temporary loss of appetite, drowsiness, swelling at the vaccination site, fever and irritability, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Adults receiving the vaccination report muscle pain, headache, fatigue, mild fever, and pain and redness at the injection site. These side effects are mild and disappear on their own.Full Answer >
Side effects of meningococcal vaccines include redness or pain at the site of the shot, fever, brief fainting spells and seizure-like movements, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Serious allergic reactions, harm or death caused by meningococcal vaccines are very rare.Full Answer >
People who suffer respiratory symptoms due to exposure to hydrogen sulfide or sewer gas are treated with supplemental oxygen, aerosolized bronchodilators or nitrite therapy, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If they have trouble breathing, children may require bronchodilator treatment with a racemic epinephrine aerosol. The gas is not cancerous and does not accumulate in the body with prolonged exposure, notes the CDC. Treatment for symptoms of exposure aims to support compromised respiratory and cardiovascular functions.Full Answer >
Side effects related to the hepatitis B vaccination are mild, including slight soreness where the shot is given or mild fever, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As with any vaccination, there is a possibility of an allergic reaction, but the risk is very small.Full Answer >