Breathing the fumes of antifreeze can cause, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "eye and respiratory tract irritation but is unlikely to cause systemic toxicity." The harmful chemical within antifreeze that causes these side effects is called ethylene glycol.Know More
The active chemical in antifreeze, ethylene glycol, poses additional hazards in addition to harmful fumes. The CDC notes that beyond breathing the fumes, exposure to the eye is also a significant risk. Such exposure would result in localized discomfort, but would not pose a risk of systemic toxicity. Ethylene glycol is poorly absorbed through the skin, which means it would be difficult for the chemical to cause systemic toxicity.
Ethylene glycol reacts with oxidants and acids, particularly strong oxidants and acids. It is also a highly flammable chemical. Because ethylene glycol vapors are heavier than air, they can collect in poorly-ventilated areas, particularly those that are below ground level. When using ethylene glycol, one must be cautious to do so in a well ventilated area as to not let the fumes collect. In the case of skin exposure, ethylene glycol will generally only cause mild irritation. The fumes of the chemical are far more harmful than physical contact with the substance. In the case of skin exposure, soap and water should be used to prevent irritation.Learn more about Health
Many individuals receiving shingles vaccines experience no side effects, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. When more than 19,000 clinical study participants received zoster vaccines, 36 percent reported redness at the injection site, 35 percent reported tenderness, 26 percent reported swelling and 7 percent reported itching.Full Answer >
People who suffer respiratory symptoms due to exposure to hydrogen sulfide or sewer gas are treated with supplemental oxygen, aerosolized bronchodilators or nitrite therapy, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If they have trouble breathing, children may require bronchodilator treatment with a racemic epinephrine aerosol. The gas is not cancerous and does not accumulate in the body with prolonged exposure, notes the CDC. Treatment for symptoms of exposure aims to support compromised respiratory and cardiovascular functions.Full Answer >
Common side effects of the pertussis vaccine include fever, headache, tiredness, body aches, and redness, swelling or pain at the site of injection, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rare, more serious side effects include seizures, severe reactions at the injection site, high fever and allergic reaction.Full Answer >
Potential side effects after receiving the flu vaccine include local reactions such as soreness, redness or swelling at the injection site, or systemic reactions including low grade fevers, stiffness and muscle aches, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Side effects are mild and short-lived in comparison to the symptoms of the actual influenza virus.Full Answer >