There are three objectives to first aid: to save life, minimize injuries and hasten healing, as reported by First Aid Regina. There are numerous first aid courses that teach techniques of varying levels of difficulty and complexity to students.Continue Reading
The first objective is to save life. Air is a crucial component required for survival, and one of the first factors that need to be taken into account is whether the airways are blocked. If the airways are blocked, clearing the blockage should be the immediate concern. Without oxygen, brain damage will happen within 4 minutes.
The second objective is to minimize injuries or to prevent them from happening. Survey the area and remove the injured individual away from any objects that may be hazardous. In addition, bandage up all wounds to prevent excessive blood loss. When bandaging up wounds, it is important to remember to apply pressure.
The third objective is to hasten recovery. Depending on what the wound is, there are different treatments that are recommended. For example, for minor burns, cool the burned area by running it under cool running water for a minimum of 10 to 15 minutes. Next, cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage, and provide the injured individual with over-the-counter pain relievers. Keep an eye out for infections.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
The appropriate first aid for poisoning varies by the type of poison and can include clearing out the mouth, flushing the eyes or skin, and exposing the victim to fresh air, according to Mayo Clinic. Do not attempt to induce vomiting. Consult the chemical’s packaging for appropriate first aid instructions, or call poison control at 800-222-1222, as of 2015. Factors that affect appropriate treatment include the individual’s age and symptoms, and the amount and type of poisonous substance.Full Answer >
Basic first aid instructions for minor cuts and scrapes advise washing hands to avoid infection, stopping the bleeding, cleaning the wound, applying an antibiotic ointment and covering the wound, according to Mayo Clinic. Clean the wound with only water, but it is okay to clean the surrounding area with a soapy washcloth. Reduce the risk of infection with over-the-counter creams, and change dressings at least daily to keep the wound clean.Full Answer >
Many types of heart palpitations are harmless and do not need any type of first aid care because they go away on their own, according to the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. It is necessary to contact an emergency medical professional if the person loses alertness, experiences shortness of breath, has chest pain, is sweating profusely or experiences dizziness or lightheadedness.Full Answer >
When buying a first aid kit, look for basic supplies, medications and emergencyitemsthat will immediatelyhelp in the event of an unforeseen circumstance that leads to the need for medical attention. Waiting to get to a hospital to see a nurse or doctor may cause valuable time to be lost, and can cause a medical condition to worsen,so a kit must have a flashlight, cotton balls,ointments, bandages and similar items to provide relief.Full Answer >