In general, physical fitness refers to one's ability to perform physical tasks, especially as they relate to a sport or occupation; however, because physical fitness encompasses a wide variety of abilities, it means different things to different people. The main categories of physical fitness are aerobic endurance, muscular endurance, strength, speed, power and flexibility.Continue Reading
Each main category of physical fitness covers a broad variety of activities. Aerobic endurance refers to the capability of the heart and lungs to perform at a high level for a long period of time, and activities that make use of aerobic endurance include running, swimming and biking. Muscular endurance and strength are on the same spectrum, yet they refer to distinct abilities. Muscular endurance is the muscles' ability to work for a long time against resistance, and it is most commonly used during high-repetition sets of weight training exercises like cable crunches and pull-ups.
Meanwhile, strength refers to the maximum force muscles can exert against resistance at once. One-repetition maximums for the squat, bench press and deadlift are good examples of strength. Speed is related to strength, and it refers to one's aptitude for moving short distances quickly. Examples of speed include the 40-yard dash and the 100-meter freestyle. Power is what Olympic weightlifters use during the snatch and the clean and jerk. It combines strength and speed, and it refers to the body's ability to exert explosive force over a short span of time. Flexibility is frequently overlooked, but it is important because it facilitates the other aspects of physical fitness; it refers to the muscles' range of motion at each joint.Learn more about Fitness & Exercise
According to Medical News Today, the Department of Health and Human Services defines physical fitness as "a set of attributes people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity." The five main components of physical fitness include muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, body composition and cardiorespiratory endurance.Full Answer >
Exercise physiologist and fitness consultant Elizabeth Quinn tells About.com that overload requires the body to take on a greater than normal stress or load for training adaptation to take place. However, once the body adapts to a stimulus in training, it begins to require a different stimulus to continue its change.Full Answer >
Physical health is essential to the complete health of an individual; this includes everything from overall well-being to physical fitness. It can also be defined as a state of physical well-being in which the individual is able to perform daily activities without problems.Full Answer >
The five components of physical fitness are cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition, according to FitDay. There is unanimous agreement in the fitness community that these are the five components of physical fitness though the definition of what level of fitness needs to be achieved is a personal one, according to Functional Fitness Facts.Full Answer >