A chlamydia infection typically clears up in seven to 10 days when treated with antibiotics, according to KidsHealth. An infected person doesn't always experience symptoms, which increases the risk of spreading this sexually transmitted disease to other partners. Untreated chlamydia can cause serious long-term complications, such as infertility, and pregnant mothers may transmit the disease to newborns.
Approximately 2.86 million cases of chlamydia occur each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis is transmitted through genital secretions during vaginal, rectal or oral sex. Symptoms may appear several weeks after exposure, causing cervical discharge or bleeding in women and urethral discharge and testicular pain in men.
Chlamydia can trigger pelvic inflammatory disease in female reproductive organs, causing fatigue, vomiting, abdominal pain and a burning sensation during urination, KidsHealth states. An infected male can develop epididymitis in the testicles, which can result in sterility.
Antibiotic treatment is offered in a single dose or as a seven-day program, according to the CDC. Regardless of the treatment type, chlamydia sufferers are advised to abstain from sexual activity for at least seven days to avoid further contamination. An infected individual should also undergo follow-up treatment, schedule annual screenings in the future and encourage all sex partners to seek testing.