If blood circulation is restricted at any point in the body for a prolonged period of time, the result is decreased body function. The purpose of blood circulation is to deliver blood, oxygen and nutrients to the body, according to Healthline.
When blood flow throughout the body is lessened, the individual experiences symptoms of poor blood circulation. Symptoms of poor circulation include tingling, numbness, throbbing or stinging pain in the limbs; and muscle cramps, explains Healthline.
Restricted blood flow to parts of the body may also result in gangrene. MedlinePlus describes gangrene as “the death of tissue in part of the body.” The symptoms of gangrene may include discoloration of the skin, a foul odor or discharge and a complete lack of feeling in the body part.
The incidence of decreased blood circulation in the body could result in osteonecrosis, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Osteonecrosis is a condition where the blood supply to the bones has been temporarily or permanently cut off. Without blood circulating to the bones, bone tissue dies and causes necrosis, resulting in the collapse of bone. However, this is a rare occurrence that usually results from the use of biphosphonate medications.