Starch is a carbohydrate, and the main purpose of carbohydrates is to provide energy for the body, according to The New York Times. The enzyme amylase is responsible for the conversion of starches into glucose, or blood sugar, which is used as energy for the body, particularly in the brain and nervous system. Starchy foods include legumes, whole grain breads and cereals, and starchy vegetables, such as potatoes.Continue Reading
Not eating enough starch and carbohydrates can result in malnutrition or the intake of too much fat in the diet to overcompensate for the lack of calories, according to The New York Times. Too many starches in the diet leads to obesity. Ideally, between 40 and 60 percent of all daily calories come from starches and natural sugars. These provide necessary calories, vitamins, minerals and fiber in the diet.
To increase starch intake, a diet high in whole grain bread, rice and cereal, and legumes, such as beans, lentils and dried peas, is recommended, according to The New York Times. Typical serving sizes for starches vary based on the item. One piece of bread, 1/2 cup of cooked rice, pasta, cereal, beans, lentils or peas, and 2/3 cup of ready-to-eat cereals are considered general serving sizes for starchy items.Learn more about Nutrition & Diets
The four organic nutrients required by the body to function well consist of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and fats. Nutrients are essential to the human diet and are required for growth, energy, repair of broken tissues, body organ maintenance and general body development.Full Answer >
Too few carbohydrates in the diet causes an energy deficit that forces the body to break down stored energy and seek energy from less desirable foods, which can trigger unwanted side effects. According to MedlinePlus, carbohydrates are the body's predominant source of glucose, which provides the fuel required by all of the body's cells.Full Answer >
The function of carbohydrates is to provide the body energy for physical activity and the operation of internal organs. The digestive system converts carbohydrates into glucose, which flows through the blood stream for immediate use or for later use in the liver and muscles.Full Answer >
One piece of common nutrition information is that carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the brain, which helps the body function properly. Carbohydrates are most common in fruits, breads, grains and starchy vegetables. Another common fact is that proteins help repair body tissues.Full Answer >