The primary factors that affect a country’s total fertility rate include the significance of children as a member of the labor force and the cost of educating and rearing children, according to class notes from the Department of Geography at Hunter College. Other factors include urbanization, work opportunities for women and infant mortality rate.Continue Reading
Developing countries usually have higher fertility rates, particularly in rural places where children work at a young age by helping plant crops, says Hunter College. Developed countries often have lower fertility rates, because bringing up a child is considerably more expensive. Moreover, children in developed nations do not enter the workforce until they become teenagers or reach their early 20s. Urbanization is another factor that affects fertility rates, as people who live in urban regions can typically get family planning services more easily. In rural areas, people have bigger families because they need children to carry out essential tasks.
Total fertility rates are generally low in countries where women can get educational and paid employment opportunities, notes Hunter College. Women lacking educational attainment in developing nations often bear two more children than those who have a secondary school education. Places with low infant mortality rates commonly have low fertility rates, because the number of children who die young is fewer. Also, women who marry at the age of 25 or older mostly have fewer children.Learn more about Pregnancy
The four factors that can affect population size are fertility rate, mortality rate, immigration and emigration. Fertility rate and mortality rate are often grouped together as are immigration and emigration.Full Answer >
People can calculate the unemployment rate by dividing the number of people who are employed by the number of people in the labor force, and multiplying the result by 100 percent. Those in the labor force are over 16 years old, actively working or looking for work.Full Answer >
The labor force participation rate can be calculated by dividing labor force by working age non-institutionalized population and multiplying the resulting figure by 100. This helps to know the number of people who are employed and those looking for jobs within the country.Full Answer >
The simplest method for calculating direct labor cost is represented by multiplying the total hours worked times the wage rate for the period of time in question. The equation looks like this: direct labor cost equals total labor hours times labor rate.Full Answer >