The five components of physical fitness are cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition, according to FitDay. There is unanimous agreement in the fitness community that these are the five components of physical fitness though the definition of what level of fitness needs to be achieved is a personal one, according to Functional Fitness Facts.Continue Reading
Schools, health clubs and gyms assess overall physical fitness using tests of the five components of physical fitness, according to FitDay. Aerobic conditioning, which is defined as the ability of the heart and lungs to work together in fueling the body, can be tested with activities such as cycling and running.
Muscular strength is defined as how much force the muscles can exert in a single effort. This can be tested with weight lifting exercises, such as the bench press, leg press and bicep curl.
Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscles to work in a continuous effort, and it is evaluated through exercises such as cycling, step machines and sit-ups.
Flexibility is tested with exercises such as lunges and the sit-and-reach test. Pilates and yoga are recommended to increase flexibility.
Composition is the body's ratio of fat versus lean muscle, bones and organs. This can be determined through underwater weighing or the pinch test.Learn more about Fitness & Exercise
Differences between muscular endurance and muscular strength lie in the amount of resistance involved and length of time during which a muscle works. In muscular strength, maximum force is exerted for a short time, and in muscular endurance, sub-maximal force is exerted for a longer period of time.Full Answer >
The main reason physical flexibility is important is because it prevents muscle injury. Flexible muscles are less likely to incur tears, strains and sprains from everyday activities such as lifting heavy objects, walking up and down stairs, or bending over to pick something up.Full Answer >
Physical health is essential to the complete health of an individual; this includes everything from overall well-being to physical fitness. It can also be defined as a state of physical well-being in which the individual is able to perform daily activities without problems.Full Answer >
Physical fitness is the state of a body's health and ability to perform everyday work and leisure activities efficiently and effectively. According to the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, most experts agree that the essential aspects of physical fitness include morphological fitness, bone strength, muscular fitness, flexibility, motor fitness, cardiovascular fitness and metabolic fitness.Full Answer >