Some of the common causes of diminished breath sounds on a physical exam are heart failure, pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation. Reduced airflow from restrictive diseases such as fibrosis can also be a contributing factor, according to MedlinePlus.Know More
With heart failure, reduced breath sounds are caused by fluid overload. The physician will hear crackles in the lungs and a gallop when listening to the heart. In most cases, the individual will also have lower extremity edema, according to the Merck Manual.
If the cause is pneumonia, the physician will most likely hear crackles in addition to decreased breath sounds. The patient will most likely present with a fever, productive cough, difficulty breathing, and chest pain during inspiration or expiration, according to the Merck Manual.
When COPD is the cause of diminished breath sounds, people will most likely breathe with pursed lips and have poor air movement in the lungs, an increased chest diameter, and a cough that can either be productive or nonproductive, according to the Merck Manual.
Individuals with restrictive lung diseases will either have occupational exposure or a neurological condition. They will also exhibit diminished breath sounds caused by the inability to completely expand the lungs during inspiration, according to the Merck Manual.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
Symptoms of heart failure in women include pain in the arms, back, neck or jaw; chest pain; shortness of breath and fatigue, explains WebMD. Stomach pain and a nervous, cold sweat that feels like it is due to stress rather than exercise or heat may signal the possibility of heart failure.Full Answer >
Common causes of wheezing in the chest include asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to the MSD Manual Consumer Version. Less common causes include heart failure and inhalation of toxins. Children may experience wheezing in the chest after inhaling a foreign object.Full Answer >
Common causes of wheezing include asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cystic fibrosis, according to Healthgrades. Remedies for wheezing depend on the cause and include medication to reduce inflammation and open up the airways, reports WebMD.Full Answer >
Typical causes of a constant cough include asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, postnasal drip, and infections such as pneumonia or bronchitis. Doctors do not consider this cough as a disease by itself, but a symptom of an underlying condition, according to MedicineNet.Full Answer >