Geography

A:

Appearing in several lists of world wonders, the Taj Mahal is not only one of the largest tourist attractions in India, it is also the most well-known example of Mughal architecture. Sometimes described as "the most famous tomb in the world," it reflects the pride and identity of Indian Muslims as an example of the achievements of the age of Mughal rule, a period of progress and stability considered a high point in India's cultural history. According to UNESCO, the tomb is recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India."

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    • Why is the Niger River important to Africa?

      Q: Why is the Niger River important to Africa?

      A: The Niger is an important river in Africa because it is the principal river in Western Africa and provides an invaluable water source in the Sahara Desert. It’s two fertile deltas provide critical water sources and wetlands to an otherwise very dry region.
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    • Why is Africa called the "plateau continent"?

      Q: Why is Africa called the "plateau continent"?

      A: Africa is called a "plateau continent" because much of the land is raised well above sea level, dropping off sharply near the coastline. Additionally, Africa's continental shelf drops off precipitously, providing deep harbors but limiting offshore resource exploitation.
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    • Do lions really dominate African wildlife?

      Q: Do lions really dominate African wildlife?

      A: Because lions only inhabit certain limited parts of Africa, which is a very large continent with varied geology, they cannot accurately be said to dominate wildlife on that continent, though they are apex predators who tend to be at or near the top of their ecosystem's food chain. And while lions are skilled hunters and fierce predators, some other predators, such as hyenas, have been known to outcompete and even dominate lions.
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    • What countries does the Nile flow through?

      Q: What countries does the Nile flow through?

      A: The system known as the Nile River flows through the countries of Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. The countries through which the White Nile flows are Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Blue Nile flows through Ethiopia and Sudan. The main portion of the Nile flows through Sudan and Egypt.
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    • What type of government does Nigeria have?

      Q: What type of government does Nigeria have?

      A: Nigeria has a federal republic. It has executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. The National Assembly constitutes the legislative branch of government, the president exercises executive authority and the Supreme Court is the nation's highest court.
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    • How many African countries are there?

      Q: How many African countries are there?

      A: As of 2014, Africa has 54 countries. The largest country by area is Algeria, while the most populous country is Nigeria. African countries can be divided by location into the following regions: Northern Africa, the Horn of Africa, Eastern Africa, Central Africa, Southern Africa and Western Africa.
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    • What kinds of plants grow in the polar regions?

      Q: What kinds of plants grow in the polar regions?

      A: Several types of plants grow in the Arctic and Antarctic regions of the world, including the Arctic willow, Antarctic pearlwort, pasque flower and bearberry. Generally, polar plants are small and grow low to the ground.
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    • What type of biome is Antarctica?

      Q: What type of biome is Antarctica?

      A: Tundra is the primary biome of Antarctica. The tundra biome is characterized by extreme cold and a lack of vegetation, which is mostly reduced to dwarf shrubs, grasses, mosses and lichens. Tundra is also distinguished by low biodiversity, as almost no amphibians or reptiles can survive its temperatures.
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    • What kind of animals live in Antarctica?

      Q: What kind of animals live in Antarctica?

      A: No animals live permanently in Antarctica; animals that live in the sea around Antarctica include fish, krill, penguins and a variety of seals. Most of these animals live permanently in the water because the land is too harsh and the temperatures are too cold.
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    • When can you see the Northern Lights?

      Q: When can you see the Northern Lights?

      A: In most parts of the world, the northern lights, or aurora borealis, are visible between late fall until early spring. In extremely northern areas, the lights may be visible from early fall until late spring.
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    • Who owns Antarctica?

      Q: Who owns Antarctica?

      A: Antarctica is not owned by any country, per the Antarctic Treaty. Before the Antarctic Treaty was signed, seven countries claimed parts of the continent, including Australia, the United Kingdom, Chile, Argentina, Norway, France and New Zealand. The treaty recognizes none of these claims.
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    • What are the names of some cities in Antarctica?

      Q: What are the names of some cities in Antarctica?

      A: There are no true cities on the continent of Antarctica; instead, there are approximately 24 research stations with populations ranging from 1,000 to 4,000 people. The research stations are designed for scientific studies only, and they do not support tourism.
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    • What is the smallest country in Asia?

      Q: What is the smallest country in Asia?

      A: The smallest country in Asia is the Republic of Maldives, a country which lies in the Indian ocean region made up of over 1,192 coral islands spread over 90,000 square kilometers. The Maldives total land area is 298 square kilometers and is populated by 324,000 people as of 2012.
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    • Where is Arabia?

      Q: Where is Arabia?

      A: Arabia, also known as the Arabian Peninsula, is located on the Asian continent, just across the Red Sea from Egypt. It is bounded by the Persian Gulf on the northeast and the Arabian Sea to the south.
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    • What is the size of China?

      Q: What is the size of China?

      A: China contains a land area of 9,596,960 square kilometers or 3,696,000 square miles. It is the third largest country in the world in terms of land area, behind only Russia and Canada.
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    • How did Asia get its name?

      Q: How did Asia get its name?

      A: The name of the continent of Asia was derived from a word in Ancient Greek and was used in Herodutus' Histories in 440 B.C. It is speculated that the name was in use long before its first appearance in text, but may have initially referred to only a small area of land on the eastern end of the Aegean Sea in an area referred to as Assuwa by the Hittites.
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    • How many countries are there in Asia?

      Q: How many countries are there in Asia?

      A: As of August 2014, there are 51 countries in Asia. Of these, Egypt has regions located in both Asia and Africa, while regions of Russia, Turkey, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are also located in Europe. Asia is the largest continent in the world.
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    • What is the largest desert in Asia?

      Q: What is the largest desert in Asia?

      A: The largest desert in Asia is the Gobi Desert. The Gobi Desert spreads more than 800,000 square miles through Northern China and into Mongolia.
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    • Which octopus has enough venom to kill more than 20 humans?

      Q: Which octopus has enough venom to kill more than 20 humans?

      A: When threatened, the blue-ringed octopus can produce a powerful neurotoxin that is strong enough to kill 26 people. Fortunately, there are some physical signs that the octopus may be about to produce its toxin, including increased color intensity. Though its toxin has the power to kill multiple people, the blue-ringed octopus isn't actually responsible for many human deaths.
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    • Where is Sydney, Australia located?

      Q: Where is Sydney, Australia located?

      A: Sydney, Australia, is located in the state of New South Wales, which is on the country's southeast coast along the Tasman Sea. It is located to the east of the Blue Mountains, to the south of the Hawkesbury River and to the north of Royal National Park.
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    • Is Australia an island?

      Q: Is Australia an island?

      A: Australia matches the definition of an island, as it is surrounded by water on all sides. However, Australia is more frequently referred to as a continent rather than as an island; it is one of the largest land masses on Earth, so it fits the definition of a continent.
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    • What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

      Q: What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

      A: On the Australian flag, the cluster of five stars comprises the constellation of the Southern Cross, which is Australia's geographical location within the Southern Hemisphere. The Commonwealth Star represents the Federation of States as six points and their unity as the seventh point. Aside from the stars, the flag also contains the British Union Jack and a blue field, which symbolizes the flag's historical origins.
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    • What is the Dingo Fence?

      Q: What is the Dingo Fence?

      A: The Dingo Fence is a physical fence in southeastern Australia that spans more than 3,400 miles. As the name indicates, the Dingo Fence was built by European colonizers in the mid- to late 1800s to deter wild dogs, known as dingoes, from entering the fertile southeastern part of the country that became the base of sheep farming operations.
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    • Which snake has the most toxic venom in the world?

      Q: Which snake has the most toxic venom in the world?

      A: Australia's inland taipan has the most toxic venom of any known snake species. Despite its toxic venom, the inland taipan is not considered to be the most dangerous snake. Due to its remote habitat and the fact that it largely avoids humans, snake handlers tend to be the only people who suffer from inland taipan bites.
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