Steel's applications can be divided into five categories: construction, energy, packaging, appliances and transport. Steel comes in a variety of forms, is relatively cheap to produce and exhibits incredible strength. These characteristics make steel the most widely-used metal on Earth.
Steel is an alloy that is most commonly used in the construction industry. It is a fundamental resource for the construction of practically all types of buildings, and necessary building parts, such as reinforcing bars for concrete, suspension cables, cladding and roofing applications, coastal and flood defense apparatuses and deck plates.
In packaging, steel is often used for food and beverage cans, aerosols, bottle tops and containers to safely store and transport paint and chemicals. In the energy sector, steel is used to construct gas and oil wells, pipelines and turbines.
Steel is also fundamental to the transport industry, where it is ubiquitous in car bodies, engine components, wheels, trains, rail systems, trucks, ships and jet engines. Steel alloy is also crucial for the construction of several home appliances, including refrigerators, ovens, microwaves, sinks, radiators, kitchen utensils, razors and stereo equipment.
Steel plays an invaluable role in nearly every aspect of modern society. The alloy is seemingly omnipresent due to its ability to add strength and durability to all types of objects.