Major products that Egypt manufactures are textiles, food products, cement and other building materials, ceramics, paper products, furniture, pharmaceuticals, steel, iron, aluminum, automobiles, and oil-based products such as jet fuel, asphalt, lubricants, fuel oil and gasoline. Egypt's largest share of manufacturing revenue comes from textiles and food products.Continue Reading
Manufacturing became one of the largest components of Egypt's economy in the 20th century. By the 21st century, mining and manufacturing accounted for approximately one-fourth of Egypt's gross domestic product.
Domestic manufacturing has increased significantly in Egypt since about 1930. This is due to the government's efforts to promote Egyptian manufacturing by establishing a customs tariff on foreign goods. Additionally, the Bank of Egypt gave loans to domestic entrepreneurs to encourage Egyptian manufacturing. These measures brought rapid growth to Egypt's manufacturing, beginning with companies engaging in printing, vegetable oil extraction, cotton ginning, spinning and weaving (linen, cotton, and silk), transportation, and production of rayon and pharmaceuticals. Egypt grew in textile production during World War II, due to the country being greatly disconnected from European imports.
Further growth in Egyptian manufacturing has occurred in automobile production and information technology in the 1990s, as well as computer software engineering and programming in the 2000s.Learn more about Manufacturing
Manufactured goods include electrical equipment, durable medical equipment, sporting goods, various food products, gasoline, computers, electronic products, machines and appliances. Manufactured goods are tangible products created from the conversion of raw materials into consumable or useful products. Goods are manufactured for both household consumption and business use.Full Answer >
The different industries that emit the most greenhouse gases are oil and gas production, coal mining, pulp and paper, chemical, cement, machinery and the manufacture of steel, iron and other metals. Industry makes up about 21 percent of the greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere. The production of electricity and heat is the energy sector that produces more emission than industry.Full Answer >
Apatite is a rich source of phosphorus that is used in the production of food supplements, pharmaceuticals, textiles, ceramics, fertilizers, insecticides and explosives. This mineral is also collectible, and it can be cut into gems and fashioned into jewelry pieces. However, due to its brittleness and relatively low hardness, apatite is not regarded as a precious mineral or gemstone.Full Answer >
The element iron is converted to the alloy commonly called steel by controlling the percentage of carbon in the product, which is usually 0.25 percent to 1.5 percent of the final alloy content. The first economical method for producing steel in large quantities was the Bessemer furnace, which was invented in the mid 1850s and introduced a stream of air to the molten metal that enabled better control over the carbon content. In the modern process, high-purity oxygen is pumped into the furnace instead, which avoids adding the impurities found in ordinary air.Full Answer >