There are many benefits of organizing files into folder structures. One of the main advantages of folders is that they make it easier to locate and access files. If people can find files faster, they can accomplish more work than if they had to spend time trying to locate a file.
A directory is a place on a computer where files or other directories are stored. Most computers have a directory structure for organizing and managing files. Windows Explorer is a common directory structure, owing to the popularity of the Windows operating system. Mac computers have a directory structure too, which is similar to the Windows structure.
In both Windows and Mac directory systems, the highest ranking folder is known as the root directory. In Windows systems, it is typically C:\ while in Mac systems, the root directory is /.
All folders located under the root directory are called subdirectories or subfolders. To locate a file stored in a subfolder, a user must navigate to that subfolder starting from the root directory. This is known as the file path or the full path of a file. Full paths or file paths are important when using the command prompt or the terminal in Mac computers.