Ethics in information technology is important because it creates a culture of trust, responsibility, integrity and excellence in the use of resources. Ethics also promotes privacy, confidentiality of information and unauthorized access to computer networks, helping to prevent conflict and dishonesty.
Organizations implement codes of ethics in their policies that highlight the ethical responsibilities of users in the use of information technology. The codes of ethics ensure that information technology resources are used for only authorized purposes. The codes prevent sharing of access privileges, such as passwords, among users. This secures computer systems from malicious attacks. Ethics also promotes respect in the use of information technology. This is because they prevent users from denying others access to computer networks. Ethics prevents unauthorized deletion, copying or modification of private data, such as emails and files. Ethical codes also prevent users from introducing malicious software, such as viruses, to computer systems.
In addition, ethics discourages users from vandalizing or misusing information technology resources. The codes also prevent unlawful use of information technology systems or resources through activities such as fraud and display or distribution of obscene materials. Ethics also discourages companies from collecting or using consumer data in a way that compromises their privacy. Codes of ethics prevent conflict of interest in the use of technology and demonstrate competence and quality of service. Therefore, they are important in upholding the reputation of the IT profession.