Examples of discrimination in a workplace include age, religious, sex and racial discrimination. Employees are protected under the law against discrimination during recruitment, training, employment or dismissal.
Age discrimination is when an employee is treated unfavorably because of his age. This includes unfavorable workplace policies or derogatory or offensive remarks regarding his age. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act sets out to protect employees from discrimination based on age, although this only applies to employees over 40, as of 2015.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects employees from discrimination at the workplace based on their origin, race, religion, color or sex. An example of religious discrimination is when an employee faces harassment, unwarranted dismissal, unequal pay or segregation based on his religious beliefs. Voluntary shift substitutions, job reassignments and flexible work schedules should be in place to allow employees to observe their religious beliefs.
Sexual discrimination includes unwanted sexual advances, seeking sexual favors and other unwarranted treatment of an employee due to gender. Employees with the same expertise should be paid fairly regardless of their gender.
Racial discrimination at the workplace refers to the unfavorable treatment of an employee because of his race. Examples of racial discrimination include unfair conditions of employment, dismissal and workplace policy as well as derogatory statements.