Modern agriculture may create substantial environmental effects, such as adding toxins and pesticides to water that leaches into rivers, lakes and the atmosphere. Although such modern products are used to benefit crop production, they come at the cost of negative impact on the environment.
Modern agricultural facilities generally use large quantities of pesticides and fertilizers, which are designed to extend crop production seasons and rid crops of insects and worms. However, these substances contain many synthetic compounds, which cause harm to plants and animals when they enter surrounding environments. In addition to adding pollutants to water, soil and air, modern agriculture practices can cause soil disturbance by using heavy machines and tilling equipment. This, in turn, creates soil erosion and degrades the quality of surrounding farmland.