Branches of agriculture include aqua farming, farming, apiculture or beekeeping, fishing, forestry, ranching and whaling. Forestry is further divided into the four categories of agroforestry, analog forestry, forest gardening and forest farming. Agronomy is the science of producing plants for uses such as food, fuels, fiber and feed. Animal husbandry refers to raising and breeding livestock.Continue Reading
Agriculture is classified by the type of life produced or harvested, and it is thought of as sustainable or conventional. Conventional agriculture involves the use of modern technology to produce plants. These include inorganic fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides. It also requires altering the natural environment of land with techniques such as mono-cropping and eliminating diversity among crops.
Sustainable agriculture promotes maintaining the natural environment of the land using techniques that promote ecological principles. Polycropping, or planting a variety of crops, is commonly used. Different plants have different harvesting periods, the land is not left bare and the risk of soil erosion is reduced. The use of pesticides is either reduced or eliminated.
In the United States, conventional agriculture is the type of agriculture most used. Some crops are grown with a specific type of agriculture. Soybeans and wheat are more likely to be grown through conventional agriculture. Beets and squash are more likely to be grown using sustainable agriculture.Learn more about Agriculture
Sedentary farming is a method of agriculture in which the same land is farmed every year. This is in contrast to nomadic farming, in which new areas are farmed as the soil becomes less nutrient-rich from extensive planting, and shifting cultivation, which uses controlled forest fires to produce arable land.Full Answer >
Community supported agriculture is a farming model that involves community members in all stages of production, sharing the risks and sometimes the work involved in agricultural production. It typically involves purchasing of a share of the farm's harvest in advance and sometimes volunteering some time working on the farm.Full Answer >
Traditional agriculture is a type of farming that uses techniques developed over decades or centuries to ensure good, sustainable yield over time in a specific area or region. Traditional farms are based around mixed crops that complement one another.Full Answer >
A producer cooperative is typically made up of multiple producers working in different types of enterprises, such as fishing, forestry and craft workshops. Each member of the cooperative is an independent producer from each other and can use the agreement to take different kinds of actions.Full Answer >