The definition of report writing is creating an account or statement that describes in detail an event, situation or occurrence, usually as the result of observation or inquiry. The two most common forms of report writing are news report writing and academic report writing. Report writing is different from other forms of writing because it only includes facts, not the opinion or judgement of the writer.
News reporting typically involves writing about what, when, where and why an event happened. The foundation of any news report is facts. However, eye witness accounts and interviews with experts are often added to strengthen the story and provide more details. News report writing is usually organized with the most relevant information at the beginning and supporting details or background information at the end of the report.
On the other hand, academic report writing focuses on summarizing the process of conducting research. For example, the materials used, the process of testing and the observed results are all commonly found in an academic report. This kind of report usually includes a hypothesis or a statement regarding the expected outcome of the research. Like news reporting, academic report writing includes facts and a description of the events that took place during the research.