Data-processing cycle refers to the process of transforming raw data into useful information. The cycle entails a process of sequential steps, including input, processing, output and interpretation. Preparation, feedback and storage often are included steps of the cycle.Continue Reading
Modern data processing usually is assumed to involve one or more computer systems, with the majority of the processing taking place within a software application.
Collection of the raw data occurs during the input phase of the data-processing cycle. This data could be census details or sales figures, for example. At this point, some cycles require the data undergo preparation for the next stage. Often, raw data requires verification of accuracy or transformation into another format prior to processing. Once the data is collected and input into the computer system, the processing stage of the cycle occurs. In this stage, the data is manipulated according to parameters programmed into the application. Processing generates output to the user. This output could be results displayed on the monitor or a printout, for example. Next, the user interprets the information. The cycle could end at this point, but many organizations incorporate two additional stages in the process: feedback, during which the output is compared with the desired results in order to improve the data-processing cycle for the future, and storage, during which the raw data is archived electronically or in physical form for future reference if needed.Learn more about Business Resources
According to Inc., an effective bakery business plan includes a market study with data on the bakery’s targeted customer base, data on product sales in the market area, information about competitors, sales predictions and how the bakery plans to stand out from the competition. An effective bakery business plan should also include physical concepts with information, such as space and equipment required for the bakery.Full Answer >
Safety data sheets provide comprehensive information about a substance, including safety precautions and hazards posed by the material. SDS should be present for every material in a workplace environment that could potentially pose a health, safety or environmental hazard, states MSDSOnline.Full Answer >
A safety data sheet, or SDS, contains information on the identification, protective measures, safety precautions, and environmental, physical and health hazards of a chemical product, explains the U.S. Department of Labor. Each SDS has the same 16 sections including fire-fighting measures, handling and storage, accidental release measures, and physical and chemical properties.Full Answer >
An MSDS, or material safety data sheet, provides physical data and handling information on potentially dangerous materials. It is not intended for consumers but is used in occupational situations. The Occupational Health and Safety Administration and the Environmental Protection Agency require MSDS' to comply with the Hazard Communication Standard and other federal and state guidelines.Full Answer >