Wheat is England's chief grain crop; it is mainly grown in dry, sunny counties in Southern and Eastern England. Other notable crops grown across England include oats and corn as well as barley, which is mainly cultivated for feeding livestock, malted beverage production and other industrial purposes.
Rapeseed is grown in abundance on English soil and is the source for canola oil for cooking. Potatoes are a big crop in the English fenlands and peats as well as in the clay soil found in East Riding of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. Because of the demand for imported cane sugar, sugar beets are widely subsidized by the English government. Grasses like clover and alfalfa and legumes are also widely grown across England and used for feeding livestock.
Market gardening, which typically involves cultivating fruits and vegetables in greenhouses, is popular among the English people. Most greenhouses are located within close distance to major towns. Some locations are known for growing particular foods; for example, Kent is known for its cabbages, cauliflower, black currants, pears and apples, while Worcestershire is beloved for its plums. Fertile Kent soil has been beloved for centuries for growing fruit, with the first commercial operations founded there in the 16th century.