"Agriculture" is the cultivation of land for effective crop growth and raising of livestock. Farmers engage directly in agriculture by preparing soil, planting crops, harvesting those crops and preparing them for transportation. They also bale hay, grow pastures and buy seed to raise livestock.Continue Reading
The word "agriculture" was coined in the 15th-century, but the process of cultivating the land to grow food has been in existence for much longer. Early farmers developed crops and livestock mainly to feed their families and local people. In contrast, modern agriculture, especially in the United States, is dominated by big business. Farming families do consume some of what they produce, but much of it is sold, whether in local markets or through national and global distribution channels.
While farming production dominates much of the topic of agriculture, agronomy is also an important element. Agronomy is a field of science that studies soil conditions and crop production. Agronomists conduct natural and lab-based research to evaluate how different crops grow under certain conditions. Agronomists work in academia, for private corporations and for public agencies that provide grants. The research they develop and publish helps push agriculture forward. Machines, seed, pesticides and irrigation systems are all core elements of agriculture that advance based on scientific research.Learn more about Agriculture
An extremely bio-chemically active material, humic acid is an excellent conditioner for organically-deficient soils and has a beneficial impact on the growth and cultivation of crops, flowers and turf. It is not a single acid but a mixture of many different acids that are present in the organic constituents of soil, peat, coal and even water basins.Full Answer >
Polyculture is the practice of growing multiple crops in one specific area of land, while monoculture means that an area of land only grows a single crop. A garden is an example of polyculture, and a cornfield is an example of monoculture.Full Answer >
The benefits of intensive crop farming are high crop yields, a reduction in the price of farm produce and use of less land. Intensive crop farming is very economical. Furthermore, the Environmental Protection Agency has rules that farmers must follow, making this type of farming healthy and safe.Full Answer >
Fertilizer increases plant growth and crop yields but often contains toxic compounds harmful to people, wildlife and plants. According to SFGate.com, synthetic fertilizers leach into reservoirs or the local water table and cause serious health problems in young children, infants, the elderly and those with compromised immune systems. Fertilizer runoff also disturbs the critical algae balance crucial to aquatic food chains.Full Answer >