The three social classes of the ancient Philippines society were Maginoo, Timawa and Alipin. These classes followed the social model of upper class, middle class and lower class.
The Maginoo was inclusive of several different types of people, including Maharlika, Datu and Panginoon. These were considered the leaders of the society and held positions as chiefs, warriors and slave owners. The Timawa class was historically the class of citizens who had bought their own freedom. They were free to own land, move or change their allegiance to a different Datu if they desired. The Alipin class was made up of slaves and debtors who worked to secure their freedom but had no rights; the Alipin could not own property or marry.