What Is the Zion Lutheran Church?


Quick Answer

Zion Lutheran Church refers to over 500 churches that represent the Lutheran denomination in the United States. Many churches with this name are historical landmarks listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

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What Is the Zion Lutheran Church?
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Full Answer

Zion is a name used in the Bible to refer to Jerusalem and by extension the Jewish people. Because the Hebrew word for Zion can also be translated as "marking," some interpret the usage of Zion as highlighting the uniqueness of true worshippers of God. As a result of its Biblical usage, churches representing Baptists, Methodists and Lutherans commonly use the name.

Lutherans in the United States are divided into three major bodies. The largest group of Lutherans in the United States is the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, considered the most liberal of the three. ELCA ordains women, does not always interpret the Bible literally and takes no stance on the subject of transubstantiation. The next-largest American group of Lutherans is the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, which consists primarily of churches in Missouri and Ohio. This group professes faith in the doctrine of transubstantiation, interprets the Bible literally and does not ordain women. The third-largest body of Lutherans is the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, which is considered the most conservative group of the three.

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