Since the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, Muslims have largely been treated with decreased respect in the West as of 2015. The Runnymede Trust ran two studies in 1997 and 2004 to gauge Islamophobia, concluding that life for British Muslims was more difficult in the wake of 9/11, according to Gallup.
The United Nations Alliance of Civilizations voiced concern about global Islamophobia in a 2011 meeting. Gallup polls indicate a clear feeling of disrespect felt by Muslims from non-Muslim Westerners. Data from a 2011 poll show that 52 percent of U.S. respondents and 48 percent of Canadian respondents felt that Western societies did not respect Muslims, according to Gallup.
American anti-Muslim sentiment appears to have grown in the decade since the attacks, with upward of 40 percent of Americans feeling an "unfavorable" opinion of Muslims in 2013, according to Islamic Commentary. Sentiment toward Muslim-Americans did not drastically change from 2001 to 2013, but stayed in the 20 to 30 percent range, while "unfavorable" attitudes toward Islam climbed to nearly 50 percent in 2013, according to Islamic Commentary.
The U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Report for 2013 showed that religious persecution is flourishing worldwide. "All around the world, individuals were subjected to discrimination, violence and abuse, perpetrated and sanctioned violence for simply exercising their faith, identifying with a certain religion, or choosing not to believe in a higher deity at all," the report said.