What Were the Incas' Customs and Traditions?

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The Incas' customs and traditions included agriculture, worshiping many gods, festivals, weaving, goldsmithing and architecture. The Incas were an indigenous population of Peru. Their empire was one of the strongest American Indian civilizations.

Agriculture was holy to the Incas, who cultivated corn, potatoes, sweet potatoes, beans, squash, peanuts, quinoa and peppers. They domesticated llamas for transport, meat and wool. The ayllu was a group of families who shared resources and land. Agriculture was communal within each ayllu.

The Incas were polytheistic. Viracocha was the god of creation, Inti was the sun god and there were many gods of nature. The Festival of the Sun annually celebrates Inti.

Weaving, stone cutting and goldsmithing were profitable. They lined their buildings with gold. The Incas are known for their grand architecture, such as the Machu Picchu and the pucara, or fortress that guarded Cusco. They built with baked bricks and cut rocks.