What Are the Weaknesses of Marxism?

Marxism would become one of the most revolutionary ideas of the 19th and 20th centuries, but its insistence on class warfare and a revolution from the proletariat has gathered some criticism, as have the harsh limits placed on the rights of the individual. While a society in which wealth is shared more equally has many proponents, the methods of the Marxists turned out to be brutal and ineffective.

Many proponents of socialism disagree with the need for a class war and violent revolution for socialism to take place. In many parts of the world, particularly in Western Europe, socialized solutions for medical care and other societal needs formed without a violent uprising or conflict between the classes. Indeed, the violence of the communist takeovers in the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China did a great deal to overshadow the positive changes that socialism could have wrought in those countries.

Marxism also calls for a widespread suppression of the rights of the individual. One example of these is the confiscation and redistribution of land Marx thought this was a necessary step for creating a transitional structure before the implementation of full communism. However, that step in itself is an example of coercion that overshadows the rights of the individual.