The two main types of listening are discriminative and comprehensive. On top of the two basic types of listening, there are more specific types: informational, critical, therapeutic and appreciative. Furthermore, there are also some specific, but less important types of listening like rapport or selective listening.
Discriminative listening is the most basic part of hearing and understanding languages and sound. It involves distinguishing what sounds go together to form words as well as how tone affects their meaning. Comprehensive listening builds on discriminative listening, and requires a language and vocabulary. Comprehensive listening involves obtaining the correct message from the speech of others.