What Type of Economy Does Canada Have?
Canada has a market-oriented economy similar to that of the United States. Most Canadians enjoy high standards of living, and the country offers a substantial social safety net in the form of government services.
Although there are substantial numbers of people living in poverty in Canada, particularly among native First Nations communities, the country is generally considered to be stable financially, offering avenues for great financial success through a free market economy. Canada's government does offer socialized services, such as healthcare and education, but the nation's economy is not strictly a socialist economy. Global trade and market freedom allow some Canadians to amass substantial personal wealth, although taxes in the country do tend to be relatively high.
Prosperous Economy Canada's primary industries include the service sector, agriculture, energy and manufacturing, and it tends to export goods rather than import them. Trade freedom helps to drive the economy as does an open market structure in which securities markets tend to thrive. Forestry and oil help to drive the nation's trade-based activities and, as a result, Canada has one of the most financially beneficial trade balances in the world. The Canadian economy is one of the largest in the world based on GDP, making the nation as a whole a prosperous one.
Low Operational Costs Manufacturing is an important sector in Canada's economy, with automotive manufacturing making up a substantial portion of the nation's economic profile. International automakers have been known to establish factories in Canada, where relatively low labor costs and the attractive presence of nationalized healthcare help keep operational expenses low. More than 10 percent of Canada's labor force is dedicated to manufacturing, and these jobs tend to be located in the Central Canada region rather.
Healthy Forestry Industry Abundant natural resources influence Canada's economy, with mining joining the logging and oil industries as an important part of the nation's financial profile. Minerals like iron ore, zinc, diamonds, potash, rare earth elements and gold are among the many products of the nation's mining industry. Mining operations are located throughout the nation while logging and other forestry industries tend to be most prevalent in the evergreen rainforests of the Western Canada region. Thanks to Canada's excellent environmental makeup, agriculture tends to thrive in the nation's more temperate regions with crops, such as wheat and other grains, making up a substantial part of the country's agricultural output. Livestock farming is also common with cattle being one of the more common products for Canadian farmers. These sectors are subject to market forces, though. For example, while Canada's forestry industry is among the most financially successful in the world, the rise of electronic communication has put its paper pulp suppliers into a decline.
Canada's financial sector enjoys a free market economic structure that allows for a degree of private investment and speculation. However, the banking industry in Canada is generally seen as relatively conservative for a nation with this type of economic freedom, particularly when compared to the banking industry in the U.S. This conservative stance benefited Canadian banks greatly during the global financial crisis of 2007-08 and the following years when other nations struggled to recover.