Passive resistance, also known as nonviolent resistance, is the notion of using protesting and other nonviolent means to achieve a political or social goal. Two examples of this include Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and Martin Luther King Jr. and the March on Washington.
Another figure who promoted passive resistance was Mahatma Gandhi, who championed this tactic during the Indian Independence Movement. He used nonviolent civil disobedience and encouraged others to employ this method to negotiate their freedom from the British government. Passive resistance can take the form of boycotts, divestment, sit-ins, marches, demonstrations, protests, art and speeches.