Socrates was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. These charges were due to his philosophical questions and teachings. He was found guilty and was sentenced to death by drinking hemlock.
Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher. He is considered one of the founders of Western philosophy and the field of ethics. Although Socrates did not write texts, records of his teachings exist in the writings of his peers and students, such as Plato and Aristotle. Socrates was born in Athens in 470 B.C. His trial and execution took place in 399 B.C.; Socrates was 71 years old.