What Treatments Are Available for Celiac Artery Stenosis?

The mainstay treatment for celiac artery stenosis is a surgical procedure in which the doctor removes or bypasses the constraining ligament that is causing blockage of blood flow from the celiac artery to the intestinal tissues, reports Baylor College of Medicine. Celiac artery stenosis is also called celiac artery compression syndrome or median arcuate ligament syndrome.

It is a rare condition when the median arcuate ligament, which is a muscular band of the diaphragm, compresses the celiac artery, which supplies blood to the upper abdominal organs, according to Baylor College of Medicine. In this situation, these organs do not get adequate blood flow. The symptoms of celiac artery stenosis are weight loss, chronic abdominal pain lasting several months, abdominal pain after eating and an abdominal bruit, which is a sound that blood makes when it flows through a compressed area.

Because celiac artery stenosis is a rare condition, tailored therapy is a challenge, and surgery is the mainstay treatment. The surgeon releases the ligament to decompress the celiac artery by either making an incision to the upper abdomen or performing the surgery laparoscopically, reports Baylor College of Medicine.

The surgery does not cure the disease in all cases, states Baylor College of Medicine. If symptoms return after surgery, the procedure was likely unsuccessful, and further treatment may be necessary.