One of the biggest traditions in Israel is the annual celebration of Rosh Hashanah, also sometimes called the Jewish New Year. Other traditions include Yom Kippur, Chanukah, Sukkot and Pesach.
Rosh Hashanah is considered the first day of the new year and takes place at some point in September or October. It is considered the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve and the day in which God sits in judgement of everyone for their actions of the past year and issues a decree for the coming year. Some traditional observances include exchanging formal blessings, eating a piece of apple dipped in honey and saying a special prayer called "tashlich" near a body of water for a "sweet new year."
Yom Kippur is considered a day of atonement. A fast of 25 hours takes place and participants do not work during this time.
Chanukah is an eight-day celebration that commemorates the victory of the Macabees over the army of Syria and the liberation of the Temple in Jerusalem. Eight candles are lit and certain foods are prepared, such as latkes and donuts filled with jam.
Sukkot is another festival taking place over eight days, but this festival celebrates the harvest. The holiday emphasizes being outside and remembering Jewish nomadic ancestors. Participants may build a temporary three-walled structure to sleep and celebrate in.