Both men's and women's traditional Scottish dress features plaid or tartan wool, but patterns and styles vary depending on region and status. Women's traditional clothing typically resembles English or European styles but with plaid. Traditional men's clothing features a plaid kilt.
The traditional Scottish kilt came into use in the 16th century and consists of a single piece of wool folded into loose pleats, wrapped around the waist and fastened with a thick leather belt. The remaining fabric drapes over the shoulder and serves as a hood in inclement weather. Because kilts do not have pockets, men traditionally carry a purse called a spooran. They also wear ghillies, thick-soled sandals that wrap around the leg.
Women's dress is usually a long tartan skirt with an arisaid, which is a long tartan garment worn over a dress that can be wrapped around the shoulders and worn over the head. Women also wear a type of ghillie but with a thinner sole for indoor use.