What Are the Three Basic Teachings of Judaism?

The three main principles of faith in Judaism are belief in a single, incorporeal and eternal god who created the entire universe; a set of moral principles that require people to treat one another with dignity and love, and ensure justice and equality; and the worship of a single god in prayer, study and adherence to the commandments set out in the Torah. The religion has 13 basic principles.

Judaism derives from the section of the Bible that Christians call the Old Testament. It comprises the books of the Torah and the Prophets. Jews believe that all text written by the prophets is true, including the writings of Moses, who they regard as the greatest of the prophets. They believe God knows men’s thoughts and deeds and that he will reward the just and punish evil.

Acts of worship are based at home and include daily prayers that are said in the morning, the afternoon and after sunset. They also hold religious services at synagogues led by a knowledgeable member of the congregation, usually a rabbi or cantor. A rabbi is knowledgeable in yeshiva and conducts regular study sessions for members of the congregation. He also helps with the interpretation and application of Jewish religious principles in day-to-day life.