What Are the Ten Commandments in the Catholic Religion?

The Ten Commandments of the Roman Catholic Church are regarded as the laws of God by Christians associated with the Catholic faith. The Ten Commandments are prevalent in all forms of Christianity, but the Catholic Church's interpretation and enumeration of certain commandments differ from other religions.

The biblical story of the origin of the Ten Commandments suggests that Moses received them directly from God on Mt. Sinai around 1280 B.C. The Bible offers different accounts of the full text of the Ten Commandments; one in the book of Exodus and the other in Deuteronomy. The Catholic Church ascribes to the version in Deuteronomy and follows the division and enumeration provided in the Septuagint from the second century B.C.

The main difference in the Catholic Church's version of the Ten Commandments lies in the interpretation of idolatry. Some religions interpret the first two Commandments about worshiping other gods or idols to mean that the crucifix and other representations of saints, Jesus and Mary should not exist in any form. The Catholic faith believes that worshiping other gods and idolatry to be the same thing, and do not consider items such as the crucifix to be an actual god that can be worshiped, so it is combined in the first Commandment. Some religions also consider the coveting of a neighbor's possessions and their wife to be the same thing, but the Catholic Church makes a distinct separation between the two.