Are the Ten Commandments in the Catholic Faith Different From Other Religions?

The Catholic and Jewish versions of the Ten Commandments are taken from the same scripture but differ somewhat in numbering and delineation. Buddhism and Islam each have very different lists of 10 commandments, though they are not taken from the Exodus passage but from those religions' sacred texts.

The Ten Commandments are found in Exodus Chapter 20 and are recognized by Catholics, Protestants and Jews but are numbered differently by each. Adherents to Judaism list the second verse of Exodus 20 as the first commandment: " I am the Lord Your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage." This verse is significant in establishing God's special relationship with the Jewish people. The Catholic version does not include this verse as a separate commandment, but instead begins with verse three, which is the Jewish second commandment: "You shall have no other gods before me." The Jewish version continues on to list the entirety of Exodus 20:4-6 as its second command. The remaining commandments are identical, though the Catholic commandments nine and 10 are combined into number 10 for the Jewish list; thus, both religions end with a total of 10 commandments.

While Christianity, whether Catholic or Protestant, and Judaism both take the Old Testament as sacred scripture and thus both recognize the Ten Commandments passage in Exodus, other religions have "top ten" lists of commandments or guidelines in their respective sacred texts that are not the same as the Exodus list. Buddhism, for example, lists prohibitions against such things as liquor and strong drinks,

falsehood, unchastity and eating at the wrong time.