Symptoms of peripheral neuropathy, which manifests largely in the hands and feet, are numbness, tingling, burning or jabbing pain, and muscle weakness, according to Mayo Clinic. The numbness in the feet can work its way up through the legs, resulting in loss of coordination.
An individual that notices the telltale signs of numbness and tingling in the feet needs to contact a doctor immediately for treatment, advises Mayo Clinic. Early treatment can help to prevent further nerve degeneration and control pain. Doctors prescribe antidepressants, anti-seizure medications and pain relievers to manage pain.
There are also several therapies available such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, physical therapy and surgery, according to Mayo Clinic. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation sends impulses through the nerves to ease numbing and tingling associated with neuropathy. Physical therapy can help to strengthen muscles and improve coordination. If the neuropathy is caused by a compressed nerve, not diabetes, surgery can fix the problem by removing the tissue pressing into the nerve.
An individual can manage neuropathy caused by diabetes by making healthy lifestyle changes, suggests Mayo Clinic. Regular exercise can reduce pain and improve muscle coordination. Healthy meals help to control blood sugar levels. People with neuropathy need to avoid alcohol use and smoking, both of which worsen neuropathy and blood circulation.