Symptoms of liver cancer include loss of appetite, unexplained weight loss, pain and swelling in the abdomen, vomiting, nausea, fatigue, chalky stools and yellowing of the whites of the eyes and skin. However, early stages of liver cancer often present no symptoms, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
A variety of risk factors make people more susceptible to liver cancer. People with an obese body mass index are more likely to develop this condition. Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus (HBV or HCV) or inherited diseases such as Wilson's disease and hemochromatosis can also make liver cancer more likely. The blood glucose disorder diabetes elevates the risk of liver cancer because of its damage to the endocrine system, notes Mayo Clinic.
Exposure to aflatoxins, or poisons from molds growing on crops, can increase one's risk of liver cancer. Peanuts and corn are two crops that can develop this contamination, so foods made with them can cause the same issue. While safety guidelines in the United States limit aflatoxin exposure, it is more common in some parts of Asia and Africa. Excess consumption of alcohol and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease both increase the risk as well, according to Mayo Clinic.