What Are Some of the Social Problems Caused by Urbanization?

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Some of the problems that develop from urbanization are a strain on basic services, increased poverty, poor public education, sanitation problems and rising crime rates. Urbanization, which is basically rapid urban growth, also brings with it a condition referred to as "urban sprawl" in which scattered urban development results in traffic congestion, environmental deterioration and the loss of open space and parks. In many of the high-density living areas in megacities, which are cities with populations more than five million, significant portions of the inhabitants, sometimes as high as 40 percent, live in a state of environmental degradation, poor security and irreversible poverty.