As of 2015, African Americans face such social issues as job and housing discrimination, disintegration of the family structure, urban plight leading to underfunded schools, crime and drug-abuse, and unequal earning capacity when compared to white Americans. Regardless of the reason, black earning power is significantly below that of whites, and less than half of all African Americans believe they have the same chance of landing a job as a white person.
A study conducted by the University of Chicago and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology found that job applicants with "black-sounding" names were much less likely to be called for an interview than those with "white-sounding" names. Identical applications with names reflecting ethnicity were sent to 5,000 employers, and Jamal and Lakisha were 50 percent less likely to get an interview than Brendan or Emily. The same held true for renters. Landlords were more likely to rent to a person with a "white" name over a "black" name.
African American communities face high rates of single-motherhood and a lack of family support, leading to serious urban problems that persist through generations. Poverty is a consequence of this, as children of single-parent families face other correlated risk factors, such as lower socioeconomic status and lower parental educational achievement.