Mandarin oranges include a variety of small oranges such as tangerines, Satsumas and Clementines that are sweet and have loose skin. While Clementines are seedless, Japanese Satsuma oranges have thin membranes and less pulp.
For thousands of years, Mandarin oranges have been grown in China and Southeast Asia. They derive their name from Chinese officials (Mandarins) who ate many of the fruits. Their scientific name is Citrus Reticulata, and they belong to the Rutaceae family. Mandarin oranges are a good source of Vitamins A and C, and contain no fat, cholesterol or sodium.