Sir Thomas More was a member of the court of King Henry VIII and was beheaded when he refused to acknowledge King Henry as the Head of the Church of England. More was also an author. His most famous work is "Utopia."
Sir Thomas More was a very important friend, confidant and official of King Henry when King Henry began searching for a way to divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, so that he could marry Anne Boleyn. At that time, England was primarily Catholic. The Catholic religion, however, did not permit divorce. So Henry attached himself to the newly formed Protestant movement, which followed the teachings of Martin Luther, and ultimately broke from the Catholic church and declared himself the Head of the Church of England. Thus, he had created a legal way to divorce his wife. More, who was a staunch follower of Catholicism, refused to acknowledge Henry as Head of the Church, and he was tried and convicted of treason. He was beheaded in 1535. More's final words were, "The king's good servant, but God's first." The most famous work that More left behind was a book entitled "Utopia." The book is about a perfect society that is governed exclusively by reason and logic. This was an indirect reflection on More's opinions of Luther's writings.