Signs of subtle racism include ignoring people of a different racial group, treating people of a different racial group differently, or ridiculing people based on their race. To counter the negative effects of subtle racism on their lives, some psychologists advise victims to confront or report the perpetrators when victimized.
Other psychologists argue that minorities affected by victimization should consider the perpetrators of such actions as being ignorant and just ignore their offensive words or actions. These psychologists argue that when victims focus on their bad feelings regarding such actions they prolong their pain. Studies indicate that men who confront racial aggressors or report incidences of subtle racism are less distressed because their actions boost their self-esteem.
Research shows that in most cases where a minority feels like he has been subtly discriminated against, he usually finds himself in a tough situation. This occurs because the perpetrator typically denies any wrongdoing since he is unaware of his offensive actions, which leaves the victim uncertain of what exactly happened. The victim's uncertainty makes him distressed, which affects other aspects of his life, such as, school and work.
Subtle racism exists across American society as evidenced by the majority of whites who think it is unnecessary for the government to implement laws on equal opportunity employment.